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Symptoms Glossary

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Symptoms Glossary

Stuck on an unknown term? You are at the right place. Whether your vet mentioned a word you are not familiar with or you are simply curious to learn more about medical terms, this glossary of common medical terms used to depict symptoms of an upset stomach will help you understand in layman terms their meaning.

These terms in this symptoms glossary are in alphabetical order to help you find them quickly.

  • Anorexia: loss of appetite
  • Ascites: accumulation of fluid in the abdomen.
  • Borborygmus: stomach or intestinal rumbling noises caused by the movement of gas
  • Constipation: difficult passage of a bowel movement.
  • Coprophagy : the tendency to consume feces
  • Diarrhea: increased passage of moist to liquid stools
  • Dyschezia: trouble evacuating due to defective reflex
  • Dysphagia: trouble swallowing
  • Fecal impaction: accumulation of hard stools that obstruct normal bowel movements
  • Flatulence: excessive of air in the stomach or intestine
  • Flatus; the passage of air through the anus
  • Frank blood: presence of visible fresh, red blood
  • Hematemesis: the presence of blood in the vomit
  • Hematochezia: the presence of fresh, bright red blood in the dog's stools
  • Hypomotility: decreased motility of the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Jaundice: yellow tint in the dog's skin , white of the eyes, ears due to bilirubin accumulation
  • Malabsorption: failure to digest and absorb nutrients
  • Melena: the presence of black tarry stools suggesting presence of digested blood.
  • Obstipation: lack of passage of dry, hard, large stools due to prolonged constipation.
  • Odynophagia: painful swallowing
  • Pica : a craving for non-food items
  • Polyphagia: ravenous appetites
  •  Pseudocoprostasis: obstruction of the anus due to matted hair blocking passageway
  • Pseudoptyalism: failure to swallow saliva even though it's produced normally
  • Ptyalism: excessive production of saliva
  • Regurgitation: effortless expulsion of food from the esophagus, not to be confused with vomiting
  • Tenesmus: feeling of incomplete evacuation causing reflexive unproductive straining
  • Vomiting: the forceful expulsion of stomach contents
  • Xerostomia: dry mouth due to lack of saliva
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