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Dog Breeds That Need C- Sections

Dog Breeds C- Sections

There are certain dog breeds that need C-sections due to their conformation. Owners of such breeds are required to plan accordingly as the whelping day gets near. Monitoring the rectal temperature of the dam is a must so owners can register the characteristic temperature drop suggesting the delivery is less than 24 hours away. Careful arrangements must be made with the vet especially if delivery date is assumed to occur on a weekend, after hours, or on a holiday so that dog breeds that need C-sections can receive the care they ultimately need in a timely matter.


Dog Breeds That May Require a C-Section

Often, the dog breeds more likely to require a C-section are breeds with narrow hips that deliver puppies with big heads. Puppies of these breeds have a hard time making it through the birth canal and require veterinary intervention.

Any dog may require s Cesarean section in order to give birth, but some dog breeds (especially brachycephalic ones with pushed in faces) are more predisposed than others.

While occasionally, some of these dog breeds may be capable of whelping naturally, it is always better to err on the side of caution and be prepared.

Here is a list of dog breeds more likely to need a Cesarean section because they are prone to dystocia (difficult birth).

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Bull Dogs

According to Jo Ann Menefee, a Hall of Fame Breeder of English Bulldogs, C- sections are more common than natural whelping in this breed, and are required 95 percent of the time.

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This is due to the bulldog puppy's large size heads having a tough time coming through the birth canal. French bulldogs are prone to the same problems.

Did you know? According to a study, in the bulldog and French bulldog, the rate of needing a C-section was over 80 percent!



Another breed often requiring a Cesarean are the small Chihuahuas. Indeed, Chihuahuas are notoriously known for requiriOther Breedsng C-sections due to the puppy's relatively large heads and the mother's small bodies. The chances of C-sections are also higher if the Chihuahua accidentally mated with a larger dog.

Generally, applehead Chihuahuas are more difficult to deliver than the deerhead ones. Due to this, more and more breeders are focusing on creating deerhound Chihuahuas due to their healthier deliveries.


Pug puppies are also likely to require a Cesarean due to their large heads combined with the mother's narrow pelvic canal. Other problems may arise though after the surgery since sometimes Pug mothers may not be willing to nurse, therefore you must be ready to bottle-feed the puppies.

Other Breeds

There are several other breeds prone to requiring a C-section in order to deliver. Boston Terriers, Scottish terriers, Boxers, miniature bull terriers, German wirehaired pointers, Pekingese, Clumber spaniels and Dandie dinmont terriers are some of other breeds commonly likely to have delivery problems.

Did you know? A C-section in dogs can be an overall costly procedure often ranging between $600 to $2,000. The price remains the same regardless of the fact that some puppies may not survive.



J Small Anim Pract. 2010 Feb;51(2):113-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1748-5827.2009.00902., Proportion of litters of purebred dogs born by caesarean section. Evans KM1, Adams VJ.

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